Do you think that you have kidney stones symptoms? And wondering, if you do, what is the standard kidney stone treatment? With over 200,000 cases of kidney stones in the United States alone, knowing what to look for can be critical. We will cover kidney stones symptoms, causes of kidney stones as well as treatment options and preventative care.
The kidneys are tasked with numerous key roles in the body but diseases such as kidney stones can cause your kidneys not to perform as they should. One of the key functions of kidneys is to filter waste from your blood and when this happens, urine is formed.
How are kidney stones formed? When salts and other minerals present in urine become highly concentrated and stick together, kidney stones are formed. The size of a kidney stone varies; it can be anything the size of a sugar crystal to ping pong ball.
- 1 Kidney Stones Symptoms
- 2 Causes of Kidney Stones
- 3 Symptoms of Kidney Stones
- 4 Treatment of Kidney Stones
- 5 Prevention of Kidney Stones
2Causes of Kidney Stones
A common question that people ask is how do you get kidney stones? There are different causes and risk factors that play a role in causing kidney stones.
A lot of people who suffer from gout are at an increased risk of developing kidney stones. Gout increases the level of uric acid in the blood and urine thus creating perfect conditions for the formation of uric acid kidney stones.
This is an inherited condition associated with high levels of calcium in urine. Over 50% of reported cases end up causing kidney stones. When excessive calcium is absorbed from food and mixed with urine, it forms calcium oxalate or calcium phosphate kidney stones.
Numerous diseases such as high blood pressure and diabetes are known to be among the leading causes of kidney stones.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
This disease causes partial or complete inflammation of the urinary tract creating favorable conditions for the development of kidney stones.
Water and fluid intake is critical for good body health. When you fail to consume enough liquids, you risk becoming dehydrated which is a key risk factor for kidney stone formation.
Poor Dietary Practices
High intake of animal protein, excessive sugar consumption, high-salt diet, excessive vitamin D supplementation and high intake of oxalate-containing foods such as spinach can increase the risk of kidney stones.
Some medications have been associated with increasing the risk of kidney stones. Medicines such as diuretics, protease inhibitor indinavir (Crixivan) a drug used for HIV infection treatment as well antacids that contain calcium have been associated with exposing individuals to the risk of kidney stones.
This is a rare inherited condition that is caused by high levels of oxalate in urine increasing the risk of stone formation.
Diagnosing Kidney Stones
Unfortunately, it is hard to diagnose kidney stones in the absence of kidney stone pain. It’s the kidney stone pain that is one of the easiest ways to diagnose kidney stone symptoms. Generally the kidney stone pain increases and a doctor is able to then make a diagnosis. There are several ways to diagnose kidney stones and they include; CT- scan, ultrasound, X-rays and urinalysis. Blood tests are also common especially for determining the presence of high levels of minerals which are responsible for causing kidney stones.